Goods Transportation in US & World

Team and individual presentations focus on car; part of the story. Transportation is central to the economy. [Ref: History of US goods tranport.]
Goods Transported by Country 1997
Mode China EU15 JapanUSRussia
Road 3% 44%92% 28%
Rail 72% 8% 8% 37%
Pipe 3%3% 0% 17%
Inland-Sea 23% 4% 0% 10%
Short-Sea n.a.41%n.a.8%
Total (B ton-km) 182328703315935
 
Goods Transported by Country 2007-8 (as available)
Mode ChinaEU-27JapanUSRussia
Road 11% 46%62% 31% 4%
Rail 23% 11% 5% 43% 43%
Pipe 2% 4% 0% 13% 50%
Inland-Sea 15% 4% 0% 8% 1%
Short-Sea 48%37%34 % 5% 2%
Total (B ton-km) 10,170408855662004946
ec.europa.eu/transport/publications/statistics/doc/pb2010_3_transport.pdf;

Asian source for goods rail transport included India. Data seemed smaller by a factor of 10. Ignoring that and just comparing numbers, India rail goods transport in 2006 was about 2/3 EU or 1/5 China.

Railroads. In US and Japan "goods" railroads are private. EU railroads are "connected" with national governments. China is dithering. In US govt-supported roads carry goods of greater value, railroads transport goods greater distance.

People Transport

People Transported in Country, 1998
 Percentage UsePeople Moved
AutoBusRailAir(B pas-km)
Chinan.a.56%36%8%990(partial)
EU1579%↓9%↓7%⇑5%4,677
Japan↑58%↓7%↓30%⇑5%1,341
US86%3%↓1%↑10%7,106
Changes since 1970: ↑ , ↓ range 20-100%; ⇑ , ⇓ > 200%
People Transported in Country, 2008
 Percentage UsePeople Moved
AutoBus/Tram RailAir(B pas-km)
China 54%<1% 33%12% 2,337
EU27 74%10% 6% 9% 6,372
Japan 57%6% 30% 7% 1,350
US 85%3% <1% 12% 8,451
Russia<1%37% 37% 26% 476

Asian source (corrected as above) shows India rail person transport is comparable to China for at least last 6 years.

References

EU Energy and Tranport Figures 2010 Part 3. Transport. Passenger and Freight Transport (3.1.12):
ec.europa.eu/transport/publications/statistics/doc/pb2010_3_transport.pdf;
cite Eurostat, Japan Statistical Bureaur, US Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Goskom STAT (Russia), National Burearu of Statistics of China, International Transport Forum.

Transport Fact Book or Public Purpose
General: Transport Fact Book China, EU, Japan, US comparison for 1998.
US DOT-FHA
ERF statistics

History: EU & US Goods & Person Tranport Modes
Europeans love their trains.

tonmiles-all-history

Transported InterCity Goods

Presentation alters relative importance of carriers.
2001 date in order of
Ton-miles Ton Revenue (water 2%)
Below is data contrasting EU wth US
Goods Transport, EU-15 vs US 1998
Billion tonne-km%split by tonne-kmAvg dist km
EU-15USEU-15USEU-15US
Road12001500 4428 110690
Rail2402000 837 2451400
Inland sea120520 410 280 770
Pipeline88900 317 1701200
Short sea1200460 418 1400n.a.

With growth of EU organizations, removal of customs and a common currency, Europe is becoming more like North America with only three countries that have historically "open" boundaries.

EU Passenger traffic is so important that it interfers with freight over a shared network. In US freight so dominates that it has always had right of way.

Another good reference: First Measured Century, covers population, work, education, family, living arrangements, religion, active leisure, health, money, politics, government, crime, transportation, business, communications.



To cite this page:
Transportation in US ( & World)
<http://www.physics.ohio-state.edu/~wilkins.5/energy/Resources/Lectures/transport-land.html>
[Thursday, 14-Dec-2017 15:37:08 EST]
Edited by: wilkins@mps.ohio-state.edu on Monday, 03-Oct-2016 14:41:42 EDT