First Decade of 21st Century

Five Remarkable Accomplishment

Ref: theGloblist

  1. G20 replace G7. he establishment of the G20 as the de facto locus of global economic governance is a recognition of this changing world.
  2. Brazil's Breakout. With the Real Plan in 1994 Brazil began to emerge [from a socially unjust, politically mismanaged, economically chaotic, crime-ridden society] as a vibrant and robust democracy, with a very active civil society. Under two successive two-term administrations, that of Cardoso (1995-2003) and now Lula's, the political mismanagement of the past was greatly diminished. There is now a very sizeable emerging middle class and, thanks to a very effective program known as Bolsa Familia, which pays parents to keep their children in school, illiteracy rates have sharply diminished.
  3. An Open-minded Japan? number of actions taken by the country’s new Prime Minister, Yukio Hatoyama — such as having the Chinese Vice Premier Xi Jinping meet with the Emperor — would seem to indicate that at long last an important page may be turning, that we may be entering a “post-Yasukuni era,” and that constructive engagement between Japan and its neighbor might lay new and more solid foundations for peace in the region. [But the economy is still in doldrums.]
  4. The EU’s (greatly) Expanded Democratic Space. While still accounting for 22% of world GDP generated by only 7% of world population, in many respects the EU will continue to be present. One of the truly remarkable achievements during the first decade of the 21st century was the EU’s (greatly) expanded democratic space — not only for Europe, but also for the world — with the accession to membership of ten states. These countries — Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania and Bulgaria — until only recently had lived under the dictatorial yoke of the Soviet Union. Shortly after the accession of the erstwhile fascist states of Portugal and Spain, Europe in the beginning of the 21st century has established a huge market economy underpinned by an equally huge and strong democratic space. Throughout most of the 20th century, it would have been truly impossible to imagine such an outcome.
  5. Cell Phones.AT end of last century were seen as a tool (or plaything) of the rich, further contributing to the “digital divide.” It is absolutely staggering how deeply and extensively the mobile phone has spread, generating a connectivity and inclusivity greater than any technology past or present, improving the livelihoods of billions of people. In addition to easy personal communication between separated families and friends, mobile telephony has also contributed to enhanced opportunities for increasing productivity and higher incomes.

    In the future:

    Continuing problems. Expect that the next decade may witness a few unexpected disasters. A major economic crisis in China, for example, cannot be ruled out. War between Pakistan and India hangs like a spectre over a not necessarily too distant horizon. The United States' inability to extricate itself from Afghanistan — or Iraq — while Iran expands its (nuclear?) power. And so on.

    Possible progress.

    Imagine the EU able to grant accession to Turkey, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Azerbaijan and the Balkan countries of Serbia, Kosovo, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania and Montenegro. Then the 21st century could witness not the decline of Europe, but its revitalization.

    Brazil’s continued socio-economic and political progress could have a positive impact and influence on the Latin American region and possibly beyond. The G20 could lay the basis for a new global governance architecture.



To cite this page:
First Decade of 21st Century
<http://www.physics.ohio-state.edu/~wilkins.5/energy/Resources/Lectures/firstdecade.html>
[Thursday, 14-Dec-2017 15:46:29 EST]
Edited by: wilkins@mps.ohio-state.edu on Monday, 31-Oct-2011 11:09:18 EDT