Meet with instructor to discuss a draft of your viewgraphs.
On day of talk and prior to giving it, bring copies
of viewgraphs and the sentence outline for instructors to consult during
the talk and later in trying to understand peer review
Peer review will be used in assessing the grade
Question/answer session immediately follows the talk.
The talk and subsequent question session will be assessed by
questionnaire filled in by each member of the audience.
Grade based solely on peer assessment.
If not using computer projection, ask for help with alternatives.
If unused to public presentation with computer projection, please
experiment with mounting the talk, showing it and repeatedly
practicing the talk, preferential with a small audience that will supply
Suggestions for improving viewgraphs will be
given at any time.
Turning the Idea into a Talk
Assessing the audience
Don't bore them; don't omit essentials.
Adjust technical level so audience takes away science content.
Seek/develop good visual material to make points.
Manipulate images for max effect (use friends).
Restrict topics to achieve effective, clear communication.
Take home message
What do you want the audience to carry away?
What one thing? Is there a need for two or three messages?
Do sentence outline (one main point per viewgraph).
Revise. revise = tighten/cut & rewrite/reorder)
a. What is point of each viewgraph?
b. What order leads inexorably to take-home message?
Main point is headline on vg cut to fit on single line.
Guidelines for an Effective Presentation
Tell 'em what you're gonna tell 'em,
then tell 'em,
then tell 'em what you've told 'em.
Devices for shaping a presentation in an effective perspective
An informative title indicates the
scope of the presentation.
In the introductory segment "zoom in" to the topic.
At the end, "zoom out."
Identify underlying questions presentation seeks to address
(long talk: divide questions into hierarchy of subquestions);
presentation is a series of answers to these questions.
The mainstream of the talk should address a single focus issue,
tuned to the interest of the audience.
Omit information not directly relevant to presentation's focus.
Keep sidetracks brief and always return to the same point.
Statements -- constituting the mainstream of the presentation --
should delineate a clear, logical line of thought.
Unambiguously formulate scientific concepts.
Avoid professional jargon.
End presentation with a clearly formulated, concise conclusion.
When this take-home message has been delivered, stop!
Communicate with your audience: articulation & eye contact.
Convey enthusiasm about your work.
Time. Don't exceed your allotted time; generally keep presentation
to 80% of the allotted time. [In the course, can use full time.]
Content. Can you summarize in few well-constructed sentences?
Structure. A well-prepared abstract (for "poster" advertising
an organized set of well-chosen viewgraphs,
a concise `cheat-sheet,' and
an outline to keep you on track during talk.
Know your stuff. Accurate, well-phrased scientific descriptions
portray speaker as a knowledgeable, reliable source of information.
Rehearse. Always rehearse a presentation.
For each talk, prepare from scratch,
always with the specific audience in mind.
Formulation and Argumentation. Talk proceeds as a logical
unfolding of information;
each step firmly based on the previous one.
To communicate effectively, avoid jargon.
Speech reflects thought processes; often an imprecise speaker is
an unfocused thinker.
Delivery. As in writing, the end of the sentence is the
stress position; the audience expects most important or new
Slowing down is a remedy for 90% of prepared speakers' problems.
Looking at audience members establishes that you are not
just in front of them, but talking to them.
Rules for Viewgraphs
Most important: keep them:
clean, simple, necessary to the story line.
Viewgraph number vs. content amount
On the one hand:
Each Transparency should illustrate a single point.
Simple viewgraph better communicates information.
Complex data/figures confuse audience unless
speaker separates them into a series of simplified units.
On the other hand:
Flipping through many viewgraphs fragments the talk.
Organizing coherent story on one viewgraph
gives audience sufficient in-one-place info to absorb it.
Putting related figures/data on one viewgraphs allows
relationships to be displayed and explained.
Agreement exists on:
Uniform style eases flow and accents coherence of the talk.
Avoid showing tables. If must, keep least significant digits.
Equations induce audience "tune out." If must use:
Introduce physics of the symbols first.
Never change a symbol in or between viewgraphs.
Lettering on viewgraphs: 18 point minimum.
Clearly label axes (horizontally) with 18pt type.
Delete all information from figure irrelevant to talk.
To cite this page:
[Tuesday, 17-Jul-2018 15:22:55 EDT]
Edited by: firstname.lastname@example.org on
Monday, 05-Apr-2010 10:58:28 EDT