Bibliography on Misconduct in Science

Prepared by C. K. Gunsalus

  1. Articles
    Buzzelli, Donald.  "The Definition of Misconduct in Science:  A View
    from NSF."  Science, January 29, 1993.
    Eisner, Robin.  "Institutions Hustle to Meet NIH Ethics Training
    Mandate."  The Scientist, October 28, 1991.
    Friedman, Paul J., editor.  Integrity in Biomedical Research:  Special
    Supplement.  Academic Medicine.  Volume 68, Number 9, 1993.
    Goodman, Billy.  "Scientists are Split Over Findings of Research
    Integrity Commission."  The Scientist, January 22, 1996.
    Goodstein, David.  "Scientific Fraud."  American Scholar, August, 1991.
    Gunsalus, C. K.  "Institutional Structure to Ensure Research
    Integrity."  Academic Medicine.  Vol. 68. Number 9.  1993
    Hoshiko, Tom.  "Facing Ethical Dilemmas:  Scientists Must Lead the
    Charge."  The Scientist, October 28, 1991.
    Klotz, Irving.  "The N-Ray Affair."  Scientific American, May, 1980.
    Langmuir, Irving.  "Pathological Science."  Physics Today, October, 1989.
    Rayl, A. J. S.  "Misconduct Case Stresses Importance of Good
    Notekeeping."  The Scientist, November 11, 1991.
    Rennie, Drummond and Gunsalus, C.K.  "Scientific Misconduct:  A New
    Definition, Procedures and Office-Perhaps a New Leaf."  Journal of the
    American Medical Association, February 19, 1993.
    Schachman, Howard.  "What is Misconduct in Science."  Science, July 9, 1993.
    Taubes, Gary.  "Misconduct:  Views From the Trenches."  Science, August
    27, 1993.
    Walker, Paulette V.  "1865 Law Used to Resolve Scientific-Misconduct
    Cases."  The Chronicle for Higher Education, January 26, 1996.
    Woolf, Patricia.  "Science Needs Vigilance Not Vigilantes."  Journal of
    the American Medical Association, October 7, 1988.
  2. Books
    Bell, Robert.  Impure Science:  Fraud, Compromise, and Political
    Influence in Scientific Research.  John Wiley and Sons, Inc.  1992.
    Broad, William, and Nicholas Wade.  Betrayers of the Truth:  Fraud and
    Deceit in the Halls of Science.  Simon & Schuster, Inc.  1982.
    Comment:  written by New York Times investigative/scientific reporters;
    its treatment of several early scientists has become controversial
    (e.g., see Goodstein article above)
    Djerassi, Carl.  Cantor's Dilemma.  Penguin Books, 1989.   
    Comment:  a short novel about work in a Nobel
    prize-winning laboratory and the competitive pressures of science.
    Glazer, Myron Peretz, and Penina Migdal Glazer.  The Whistleblowers. 
    Basic Books, Inc., 1989.
    Grinnell, Frederick.  The Scientific Attitude.  Second Edition. 
    Guilford Press. 1992.
    LaFollette, Marcel.  Stealing Into Print:  Fraud, Plagiarism, and
    Misconduct in Scientific Publishing.  University of California Press,
    Mallon, Thomas.  Stolen Words:  Forays into the Origins and Ravages of
    Plagiarism.  Ticknor & Fields, 1989.  Comment:  one
    chapter, "Quietly Goes the Don," discusses a repeat plagiarist; it is
    an interesting illustration of the ramifications of institutional
    disposition of cases 
    Nelkin, Dorothy.  Science as Intellectual Property:  Who Controls
    Scientific Research?  Macmillan Publishing Company, 1984.
    Penslar, Robin Levin, Ed.  Research Ethics:  Cases and Materials. 
    Indiana University Press, 1995.
    Rothman, David.  Strangers at the Bedside:  A History of How Law and
    Bioethics Transformed Medical Decision Making.  Basic Books, 1991.
    Taubes, Gary.  Bad Science:  The Short Life and Weird Times of Cold
    Fusion.  Random House, 1993.
  3. Scientific Society Reports and Papers
    AAAS-ABA National Conference of Lawyers and Scientists.  Project on
    Scientific Fraud and Misconduct:  Report on Workshop (1-3). 
    Washington:  American Association for the Advancement of Science,
    Association of American Medical Colleges.  The Maintenance of High
    Ethical Standards in the Conduct of Research.  1982.
    Association of American Medical Colleges.  Framework for Institutional
    Policies and Procedures to Deal with Misconduct in Research (Revised
    Edition).  Washington, February 1990.
    Association of American Medical Colleges.  Teaching the Responsible
    Conduct of Research Through a Case Study Approach.  Washington, 1994. 
    Comment:  case studies supported with other materials.
    Committee on the Conduct of Science National Academy of Sciences.  On
    Being a Scientist.  Washington:  National Academy Press, Second
    Edition, 1995.  Comment:  especially good for students.
    Committee on National Statistics, Commission on Behavioral and Social
    Sciences and Education, and National Research Council.  Sharing
    Research Data.  Washington:  National Academy Press, 1985.
    Editorial Policy Committee, Council of Biology Editors.  Ethics and
    Policy in Scientific Publication.  Bethesda, MD:  Council of Biology
    Editors, Inc., 1990.  Comment:  good case studies.
    Institute of Medicine.  The Responsible Conduct of Research in the
    Health Sciences.  National Academy Press, 1989.   
    Comment:  very thorough and thoughtful.
    National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and
    Institute of Medicine.  Responsible Science:  Ensuring the Integrity of
    the Research Process Vols . 1 and 2, National Academy Press, 1992.
    National Institutes of Health.  Guidelines for the Conduct of Research
    at the National Institutes of Health.  1990.
    Sigma Xi.  Honor in Science.  Research Triangle Park, NC, 1984. 
    Comment:  well written-good for student discussion.
  4. Regulations and Government Reports
    National Science Foundation.  "Misconduct in Science and Engineering: 
    Final Rule."  1991.
    Public Health Service.  "Policies and Procedures for Dealing with
    Possible Scientific Misconduct in Extramural Research."  1991.
    Commission on Research Integrity.  "Integrity and Misconduct in
    Research."  1995.  Submitted to:  The Secretary of Health and Human
    Services, The House Committee on Commerce, and The Senate Committee on
    Labor and Human Resources
  5. Statements / Definitions
    American Association of University Professors.  Statement on Multiple
    Authorship.  1990.
    American Association of University Professors.  Statement on
    Plagiarism.  1989.
  6. Videotapes
    Buckner, Noel, and Rob Whittlesey, Producers.  Nova:  Do Scientists
    Cheat?  Videotape Produced for PBS by WGBH Boston, 1988.  Comment:
    despite its age, not dated; good overview, raises provocative
    National Institute for Engineering Ethics.  Gilbane Gold:  A Case Study
    in Engineering Ethics.  Videotape.  National Society of Professional
    Engineers, 1989.  (24 minutes)

Prepared by

C. K. Gunsalus
Associate Provost
Office of the Provost 
University of Illinois
Swanlund Administration Building
601 E. John Street
Champaign, Illinois  61820
217/244-9096 voice; 217/244-5639 fax

Your comments and suggestions are appreciated.
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Edited by: [April 1997]