Chapter 15 & Companion focus car; part of the story. Transportation is central to the economy. [Ref: History of goods tranport.] [EU27-goods-method-by-year]
|Total (B ton-km)||1823||2870||331||5935|
|Ref-97 Transport Fact Book; US-EU-98: US DOT-FHA also|
Railroads. In US and Japan (> 1987) goods-transporting railroads are private. EU railroads are "connected" with national governments. China is dithering with privatizing. While federally subsidized roads do carry goods of greater value, US railroads transport goods long-distance (avg. 1355 km).
|Percentage Use||People Moved|
|Ref:Transport Fact Book
Changes since 1970: ↑ , ↓ range 20-100%; ⇑ , ⇓ > 200%
Auto is winning. But EU/US Rail factor of 7 is relevant. EU rail moves a lot of people; passenger trains have the right of way over goods, reverse of US.
Left column. 2001 date in order of
Ton-miles as is curve above ⇑
Ton, last two emphasizing the truck.
Revenue (water 2%)
20% of US Energy for car operation
25% of US retail sales for cars
8% of US GNP connected with car expenditures
20%+ of US deaths are car related
volatile organic cpds → photochemical smog;
CO replaces oxygen in blood, can't be good;
Lead causes brain damage;
nitrogen and sulfur oxides → acid rain
55% of car travel < 10 miles
55% of commuting has only 1 occupant
what about walking, bicycle, motorcycle, bus?
Rotten fuel economy
SUVs Don't you feel guilty?