Transportation in US ( & World)


Oil pipelines carry roughly equal amounts of crude oil and refined petroleum products (e.g., gasoline) at a dollar a barrel (Houston to NY) over 55,000 miles of crude oil trunk (8-24 in diameter) supplemented by 35,000 miles of gathering lines (2-6 in diameter); natural gas travels over 300,000 miles of pipeline supplemented by gathering lines originating at wellheads and mainline transmission systems plus hubs, underground storage facilities, and peak sharing.

Transportation is central to the economy.
Goods Transported by Country 1997
Mode China EU15 JapanUSRussia
Road 3% 44%92% 28%
Rail 72% 8% 8% 37%
Pipe 3%3% - 17%
Inland-Sea 23% 4% - 10%^illr
Short-Sea n.a.41%n.a.8%
Total (B ton-km) 180029003305900
 
Goods Transported by Country ca. 2012
(China-12, EU-12, Japan-13, USA-11, Russia-12)
Mode China EU-27JapanUSRussia
Road 34% 45% 51% 32% 9%
Rail 17% 11% 5% 41% 1%
Pipe 2% 3% - 15% 86%
Inland-Sea 16% 4% - 7% 2%
Short-Sea 31%37%44 % 4% 2%
Total (T ton-km) 17,000380041064005000
Ref: EU transport in figures, p2.1.15.

Compare changes in transport mode by country and in time? growth of china vs EU, japan; change in transport mode

Relative importance of Transport Value: road, rail,water

Ton-miles Ton Revenue (water 2%)
2001 data

Railroads. In US and Japan (> 1987) goods-transporting railroads are private. EU railroads are "connected" with national governments. China is dithering with privatizing. While federally subsidized roads do carry goods of greater value, US railroads transport goods long-distance (avg. 1355 km).

People Transport

People Transported by Country in 1998
Percentage UsePeople Moved
AutoBusRailAir(B pas-km)
Chinan.a.56%36%8%990(partial)
EU-1579%↓9%↓7%⇑5%4,677
Japan↑58%↓7%↓30%⇑5%1,341
US86%3%↓1%↑10%7,106
Ref:Transport Fact Book
Changes since 1970: ↑ , ↓ range 20-100%; ⇑ , ⇓ > 200% (used to be tfb-cheujpus98-pkm.htm
People Transported by Country about 2010
Percentage UsePeople Moved
AutoBusRailAir(B pas-km)
China54%-32%14%2800
EU-2775%10%6%8%6300
Japan58%7%30%6%1300
US80%7%1%12%7300
Russian.a.41%*29%30%480
inc. 1% tram-metro & 1% waterborne; * 10% tram-metro & 1% waterborne.
Ref EU transport in figures, p2.1.15.
Cars per 1000 residents: US 475 (2000); EU-15 469 (2000)

Comment: With removal of customs and a common currency, Europe is becoming more like North Ameria (only only three countries with "open" boundaries). EU Passenger traffic is so important that it interfers with freight over a shared network. In US freight so dominates that it has always had right of way.

Water transport-- inland or coastal -- is important in EU and US.

Judging Figures

people transport

China Data

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Transportation Goods & People
<http://www.physics.ohio-state.edu/~wilkins/energy/Resources/Lectures/trans-2014.html>
[Friday, 15-Dec-2017 11:08:22 EST]
Edited by: wilkins@mps.ohio-state.edu on Tuesday, 04-Oct-2016 13:35:45 EDT