$3 .8 billion, 1, 150 - mile pipeline from western ND 's Bakken oil fields to Illinois started in spring 2016.
A group are under Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) review:
U.S. imports from its northern neighbor recently jumped 17 percent to 3.46 million barrels a day. That’s the most since the agency began collecting such data in 2010. Exports have surged as Alberta recovers from wildfires that disrupted supplies earlier this year.
Enbridge Inc.’s mainline system, the most important conduit for shipping Canadian crude into the U.S., has been running above its 2.4 million-barrel-a-day capacity. Other lines including Spectra Energy’s Express and TransCanada’s Keystone are about 89 percent full.
Canadian crude-by-rail exports rose to a six-month high of 109,000 barrels a day in April 2016 before declining after wildfires took about 1 million barrels a day of production off the market.
While Canada’s conventional oil production is declining, oil-sands output continues to grow as projects initiated before the 2014 oil route are completed. Companies, such as Cenovus Energy Inc. and Canadian Natural Resources Ltd., are set to add about 390,000 barrels a day of capacity by end 2017.
Crude output is expected to rise about 5 percent to more than 4 million bbl/dn in 2017, above the country’s pipeline export capacity.
As getting approval for pipelines in Canada has become increasingly difficult, Enbridge and TransCanada have sought deals south of the border to expand with Houson-based firms:. Enbridge for $28 billion Spectra Energy Corp. and TransCanada for $10.2 billion with Columbia Pipeline Group Inc.